Category: linguistics

Figures of Speech: 40 Ways to Improve your Writing


This post is by Carmen Ang from Visual Capitalist


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Figures of Speech

Figures of Speech: 40 Ways to Improve your Writing

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Figurative speech plays an important role in our ability to communicate with one another. It helps create compelling narratives, and evoke emotion in readers.

With this in mind, this periodic table graphic by Visual Communication Guy groups the 40 different figures of speech into two distinct categories—schemes and tropes.

What’s the difference between the two, and how can they help improve your writing?

Types of Schemes

In linguistics, a scheme is language that plays with sentence structure to make a sentence smoother, or even more persuasive, using syntax, word order, or sounds.

Here are four different ways that schemes fiddle with sentence structure.

Balance

This is especially important when trying to make a sentence smoother. A good example of balance is parallelism, which is when you use the same grammatical form in at least two parts of a sentence.

  • Not parallelism: “She likes reading, writing, and to paint on the weekends.”
  • Parallelism: “She likes reading, writing, and painting on the weekends.”

Word Order

Changing the position of words can have an impact on the way a sentence is understood. For instance, anastrophe is the deliberate reordering of words in a sentence to either emphasize a certain point, or distinguish a character as different.

  • An example of anastrophe: “The greatest teacher, failure is.” -Yoda

Omission and/or Inclusion

Omissions and inclusions are useful in (Read more...)

Visualizing the Most Used Languages on the Internet


This post is by Govind Bhutada from Visual Capitalist


the most used languages on the internet

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The Briefing

  • English is the most common language online, used by 60.4% of the top 10M websites
  • China has the most internet users in the world but only 1.4% of the top 10M websites use Chinese

The Most Used Languages on the Internet

Online content on the world wide web is consumed in thousands of different languages.

Some are more common than others, but it’s interesting to see that the online use of a language doesn’t always reflect how many people speak it. For example, Hindi is the third most spoken language worldwide, but it isn’t one of the top languages used on the internet.

Here’s a look at the top 20 most used languages on the internet, compared to their real-world use among the global population.

RankLanguage% of Top 10M WebsitesShare of Speaking Population
1English60.4%16.2%
2Russian8.5%3.3%
3Spanish4.0%6.9%
4Turkish3.7%1.1%
5Persian3.0%0.7%
6French2.6%3.5%
7German2.4%1.7%
8Japanese2.1%1.6%
9Vietnamese1.7%1.0%
10Simplified (Read more...)