Charted: Four Decades of U.S. Inflation
In May 2022, the annual rate of U.S. inflation grew to 8.6%—the highest it’s been in four decades, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
What’s driving this surge, and what products are seeing the most significant price jumps?
This visualization by Pablo Alvarez shows U.S. inflation levels since 1982 and highlights a few product categories that have seen the biggest year-over-year increases.
The Category Breakdown
Perhaps unsurprisingly, energy sources have seen the biggest year-over-year climb. Gasoline has seen one of the biggest spikes, up 48.7% since May 2021.
|Item||% yearly change (May 2022)|
|Gasoline (all types)||48.7%|
Across the U.S., the average price of gas sat at $4.807 per gallon as of July 4, and experts predict this figure could grow to $6 per gallon by the end of the summer.
While fuel prices were on the upswing prior to the Russia-Ukraine conflict, due to loosening COVID-19 restrictions and increased demand for travel, the conflict sent oil prices skyrocketing. This is because many countries placed sanctions on Russian oil, which put a squeeze on global supply.
The Spending Spree Continues
Despite rising prices, many consumers have been continuing to spend. In May 2022, personal consumption expenditures (which account for (Read more...)