Category: Bitcoin

The Cost of Mining Bitcoin in 198 Different Countries


This post is by Carmen Ang from Visual Capitalist


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Map comparing the cost of mining bitcoin in 198 countries

Cost of Mining Bitcoin in 198 Different Countries

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It takes an estimated 1,449 kilowatt hours (kWh) of energy to mine a single bitcoin. That’s the same amount of energy an average U.S. household consumes in approximately 13 years.

Given the high amount of energy needed to mine bitcoin, it can be a costly venture to get into. But exact prices fluctuate, depending on the location and the cost of electricity in the area.

Where are the cheapest and most expensive places to mine this popular cryptocurrency? This graphic by 911 Metallurgist provides a snapshot of the estimated cost of mining bitcoin around the world, using pricing and relative costs from March 23, 2022.

How Does Bitcoin Mining Work?

Before diving in, it’s worth briefly explaining the basics of bitcoin mining, and why it requires so much energy.

When someone mines for bitcoin, what they’re really doing is adding and verifying a new transaction record to the blockchain—the decentralized bank ledger where bitcoin is traded and distributed.

To create this new record, crypto miners need to crack a complex equation that’s been generated by the blockchain system.

Potentially tens of thousands of miners are racing to crack the same code at any given time. Only the first person to solve the equation gets rewarded (unless you’re part of a mining pool, which is essentially a group of miners who agree to (Read more...)

Making Crypto Accessible to the Masses with Michael Sonnenshein of Grayscale Investments


This post is by MPD from @MPD - Medium


On this week’s episode I sit down with the CEO of Grayscale Investments, Michael Sonnenshein.

Grayscale is one of the biggest heavyweights in the world of crypto investing. They offer investors direct access to crypto. Their premier product, the Grayscale Bitcoin Trust, is a long-bitcoin offering that anyone can access like they would a normal stock. You can simply buy the ticker. This is big, especially for folks looking to invest their money that exists in certain portfolios, like retirement savings accounts. With over 20b of assets across 17 investment vehicles they facilitate many people’s first interaction with crypto and Michael is at the center of it.

Crypto is currently down, the market is taking a hit seemingly in-line with the state of the broader stock markets so it was great to hear Michael’s perspective on the market and the future of crypto applications.

Listen via your preferred platform here.

Show Links:


Making Crypto Accessible to the Masses with Michael Sonnenshein of Grayscale Investments was originally published in @MPD on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

Building Balanced Exposure to the Blockchain Economy



The following content is sponsored by MSCI

blockchain economy infographic

Building Balanced Exposure to the Blockchain Economy

Blockchain technology extends far beyond Bitcoin, Dogecoin, and other popular cryptocurrencies, as it provides a foundation for verifiable financial systems and proof of ownership for digital goods and assets.

From privacy concerns to anti-trust issues, big tech has eaten away at the world’s trust in the technology sector. As people search for better and more trustless solutions for their financial services, the blockchain economy is flourishing to meet their needs.

This infographic from MSCI outlines how quickly decentralized solutions and services have grown, and how investors can be a part of this exciting new sector.

The Three Key Trends of Blockchain Adoption

By cutting out the need for a centralized middleman that facilitates transactions, blockchains can provide more efficient systems to power three key trends of the fintech future:

  • Digital hard money and assets
  • Decentralized finance (DeFi)
  • Digital goods and collectibles

As the first cryptocurrency and deflationary monetary asset, Bitcoin is the ambassador for digital hard money. By having a fixed supply of 21 million bitcoin set in code and a decentralized network powering transactions on the network, Bitcoin provides anyone access to a deflationary digital asset that they can transfer in minutes without having to trust centralized intermediaries.

While Bitcoin pioneered the blockchain revolution over the past decade, further functionality built on blockchain technology is enabling digital goods and collectibles with non-fungible tokens (NFTs) along with more equitable and trustless financial systems through decentralized finance.

(Read more...)

The Fog of War: Three Themes Crypto Investors Should Pay Attention To Now


This post is by jlk from The Barefoot VC


“War is the realm of uncertainty; three quarters of the factors on which action in war is based are wrapped in a fog of greater or lesser uncertainty” —Clausewitz

The unspeakable violence and aggression that Russia has unleashed against Ukraine and its people is the first all out “hot war” invasion in Europe since WWII. Fallout is being felt across the global economy, roiling markets and causing many investors to seek relative shelter amidst the volatility. As with any global crisis, it is also a moment of uncertainty and unease for many market participants. There are three key themes crypto investors should be paying attention to over the coming weeks:

1: The power of decentralization of crypto comes into focus

Since its debut in 2009, Bitcoin has been heralded as a self-sovereign alternative to government controlled fiat. Citizens of countries with hyperinflationary environments, capital controls and monetary policy that negatively impacted the populace (ie, India’s demonetization in 2016 which deemed certain notes illegal practically overnight) have often turned to Bitcoin as a relatively safe haven for their assets. In the United States, the COVID crisis and ensuing monetary policy highlighted the benefit of holding Bitcoin as a self-sovereign store of value and hedge against inflation. The decentralization that is at the core of cryptocurrency has come into sharper focus over the past weeks. Yesterday, Infura, a cloud -based node network for Ethereum, cut off access for wallets in Venezuela and quickly reversed course blaming the outage in code that was (Read more...)

How the Top Cryptocurrencies Performed in 2021


This post is by Niccolo Conte from Visual Capitalist


How the Top Cryptocurrencies Performed in 2021

The Returns of Top Cryptocurrencies in 2021

2021 saw the crypto markets boom and mature, with different sectors flourishing and largely outperforming the market leader, bitcoin.

While bitcoin only managed to return 59.8% last year, the crypto sector’s total market cap grew by 187.5%, with many of the top coins offering four and even five-digit percentage returns.

2021 Crypto Market Roundup

Last year wasn’t just a breakout year for crypto in terms of returns, but also the growing infrastructure’s maturity and resulting decorrelation of individual crypto industries and coins.

Crypto’s infrastructure has developed significantly, and there are now many more onramps for people to buy altcoins that don’t require purchasing and using bitcoin in the process. As a result, many cryptocurrency prices were more dictated by the value and functionality of their protocol and applications rather than their correlation to bitcoin.

CryptocurrencyCategory2021 Returns
BitcoinCryptocurrency59.8%
EthereumSmart Contract Platform399.2%
Binance CoinExchange Token1,268.9%
SolanaSmart Contract Platform11,177.8%
CardanoSmart Contract Platform621.3%
XRPCryptocurrency277.8%
TerraSmart Contract Platform12,967.3%
AvalancheSmart Contract Platform3,334.8%
PolkadotSmart Contract Platform187.9%
DogecoinMeme Coin3,546.0%

Sources: TradingView, Binance, Uniswap, FTX, Bittrex

Bitcoin wasn’t the only cryptocurrency that didn’t manage to reach triple-digit returns in 2021. Litecoin and Bitcoin Cash also provided meagre double-digit percentage returns, as payment-focused cryptocurrencies were largely ignored for projects with smart contract capabilities.

Other older projects like Stellar Lumens (109%) and XRP (278%) provided triple-digit returns, with Cardano (621%) being the (Read more...)

How the Top Cryptocurrencies Performed in 2021


This post is by Niccolo Conte from Visual Capitalist


How the Top Cryptocurrencies Performed in 2021

The Returns of Top Cryptocurrencies in 2021

2021 saw the crypto markets boom and mature, with different sectors flourishing and largely outperforming the market leader, bitcoin.

While bitcoin only managed to return 59.8% last year, the crypto sector’s total market cap grew by 187.5%, with many of the top coins offering four and even five-digit percentage returns.

2021 Crypto Market Roundup

Last year wasn’t just a breakout year for crypto in terms of returns, but also the growing infrastructure’s maturity and resulting decorrelation of individual crypto industries and coins.

Crypto’s infrastructure has developed significantly, and there are now many more onramps for people to buy altcoins that don’t require purchasing and using bitcoin in the process. As a result, many cryptocurrency prices were more dictated by the value and functionality of their protocol and applications rather than their correlation to bitcoin.

CryptocurrencyCategory2021 Returns
BitcoinCryptocurrency59.8%
EthereumSmart Contract Platform399.2%
Binance CoinExchange Token1,268.9%
SolanaSmart Contract Platform11,177.8%
CardanoSmart Contract Platform621.3%
XRPCryptocurrency277.8%
TerraSmart Contract Platform12,967.3%
AvalancheSmart Contract Platform3,334.8%
PolkadotSmart Contract Platform187.9%
DogecoinMeme Coin3,546.0%

Sources: TradingView, Binance, Uniswap, FTX, Bittrex

Bitcoin wasn’t the only cryptocurrency that didn’t manage to reach triple-digit returns in 2021. Litecoin and Bitcoin Cash also provided meagre double-digit percentage returns, as payment-focused cryptocurrencies were largely ignored for projects with smart contract capabilities.

Other older projects like Stellar Lumens (109%) and XRP (278%) provided triple-digit returns, with Cardano (621%) being the (Read more...)

How Every Asset Class, Currency, and S&P 500 Sector Performed in 2021


This post is by Niccolo Conte from Visual Capitalist


2021 asset performance

How Every Market Performed in 2021

After the roller coaster of volatility in 2020, the majority of asset classes in 2021 saw positive returns as the world reopened for business.

The Federal Reserve’s accommodative monetary policy, supply chain struggles, and high demand for fuels and raw materials for the clean energy transition largely shaped the markets.

Alongside the rise in inflation, commodities and cryptocurrency outperformed as broad equity indices saw double-digit returns, with the S&P 500 rising by 26.9% in 2021.

Markets Roundup for 2021

Speculation and the energy fuels for the world’s reopening were two of the main themes for markets in 2021, reflected in Bitcoin (59.8%) and crude oil (56.4%) being the top two performing assets in that time frame.

The S&P GSCI commodity index (37.1%) was another top performer, as agricultural and livestock food prices rose alongside the Dow Jones Real Estate Index (35.1%).

Asset Class2021 ReturnAsset Type
Bitcoin59.8%Cryptocurrency
WTI Crude Oil56.4%Commodity
S&P GSCI37.1%Commodity
Dow Jones Real Estate Index35.1%Real Estate
S&P 50026.9%Equities
S&P/TSX Composite21.7%Equities
Russell 200013.7%Equities
MSCI EAFE7.8%Equities
U.S. Dollar6.4%Currency
Bloomberg Barclays Corporate Bonds Index-1.2%Bonds
Bloomberg U.S. Treasury Index-2.5%Bonds
Gold-3.6%Commodity
MSCI Emerging Markets-5.5%Equities
Silver-11.7%Commodity

Source: TradingView

Despite most physical and digital commodities seeing price gains, precious metals such as gold (-3.6%) and silver (-11.7%) struggled to hold onto their value, while industrial and battery metals like lithium (Read more...)

Web3/Crypto: Why Bother?



One thing that keeps surprising me is how quite a few people see absolutely nothing redeeming in web3 (née crypto). Maybe this is their genuine belief. Maybe it is a reaction to the extreme boosterism of some proponents who present web3 as bringing about a libertarian nirvana. From early on I have tried to provide a more rounded perspective, pointing to both the good and the bad that can come from it as in my talks at the Blockstack Summits.

Today, however, I want to attempt to provide a cogent explanation for why bothering about web3 makes sense. This requires telling a bit of a story and also understanding the nature of disruptive innovation. The late Clayton Christensen characterized this type of innovation as being worse at everything except for one dimension, but where that dimension really winds up mattering a lot (and then over time everything else gets better also as the innovation is widely adopted).

The canonical example here is the personal computer (PC). The first PCs were worse computers than every existing machine. They had less memory, less storage, slower CPUs, less software, couldn’t multitask, etc. But they were better at one dimension: they were cheap. And for those people who didn’t have a computer at all that mattered a great deal. It is exactly this odd combination that made existing computer manufacturers (making mainframes down to mini computers) ignore the PC. They only focused on all the bad parts and ignored the one positive dimension (Read more...)

Who Got It Right? A Look Back at Expert Predictions For 2021


This post is by Nick Routley from Visual Capitalist


Last year, the editorial team at Visual Capitalist scoured through 200+ reports, articles, podcasts, and more, to create our 2021 Prediction Consensus—a big picture and aggregated look at the key trends that experts predict for the year ahead.

If 2021 taught us anything, it’s that things can change at the drop of the hat. Amidst all this uncertainty, how many of the highlighted predictions came to fruition, and which ones didn’t pan out exactly as expected?

Before we start, it’s worth revisiting the prediction bingo board for 2021:

2021 predictions consensus

Below, we’ve evaluated a handful of the predictions for 2021 to determine whether or not they actually materialized.

The Easy-to-Quantify Predictions for 2021

Some of the predictions were easy to quantify—like the price of Bitcoin, or GDP targets.

Prediction 1:

Bitcoin hits the $50,000 mark

Did it happen? Yes

As many of the experts forecasted, Bitcoin, and the crypto space in general, had another explosive year in 2021.

bitcoin price 50k 2021

Bitcoin’s price rose 72%—from $29,000 at the start of 2021 to roughly $50,000 today (after reaching an all-time high of $69,000).

The price increase wasn’t without its fair share of volatility, with Bitcoin suffering three different pullbacks of at least 30%, the greatest being a 50% correction in May.

Bitcoin’s ascent is impressive considering the amount of attention and capital that poured into other cryptocurrencies and sectors in the space. Layer one blockchains like Ethereum (+483% in 2021) and Solana (+12,500% in 2021) greatly outpaced bitcoin’s price growth, and NFTs emerged as one (Read more...)

Going Beyond Crypto: Exploring the Digital Asset Ecosystem



The following content is sponsored by Arca.

digital assets infographic

Exploring the Digital Asset Ecosystem

The digital asset sector has undergone a rapid expansion over the past couple of years, growing in value and functionality.

Beyond the price growth of popular cryptocurrencies, digital assets are powering innovative applications that enable value transfer beyond just payments. From tokens that grant dividend-like revenue to holders, to tokens backed by other digital and physical assets, the digital asset ecosystem is redefining asset and financial structures before our very eyes.

This framework created by Arca explores and defines the state of the digital asset ecosystem, looking at how traditional assets might one day be integrated into this new taxonomy.

The Functions and Types of Digital Assets

Digital assets can be broken down into three different types of assets that fulfill three primary functions. The first two functions of digital assets, store of value and medium of exchange, are well established functions of digital and traditional assets.

However, a third functionality of being able to pass through values to holders has emerged, with benefits like discounted application fees, governance voting rights, and monetary rewards passed onto token holders.

These functions are fulfilled by three main types of digital assets:

  • Currency: tokens that are a unit of account and medium of exchange
  • Asset-backed tokens: tokens backed by hard assets like equity, debt, or physical assets
  • Pass through tokens: tokens that grant revenues, rewards, and network benefits to holders

Many know of Bitcoin, (Read more...)