Author: Niccolo Conte

Mapped: Countries With the Highest Flood Risk


This post is by Niccolo Conte from Visual Capitalist


Population Flood Risk

Risk of Flooding Mapped Around the World

Devastating floods across Pakistan this summer have resulted in more than 1,400 lives lost and one-third of the country being under water.

This raises the question: which nations and their populations are the most vulnerable to the risk of flooding around the world?

Using data from a recent study published in Nature, this graphic maps flood risk around the world, highlighting the 1.81 billion people directly exposed to 1-in-100 year floods. The methodology takes into account potential risks from both inland and coastal flooding.

Asian Countries Most at Risk from Rising Water Levels

Not surprisingly, countries with considerable coastlines, river systems, and flatlands find themselves with high percentages of their population at risk.

The Netherlands and Bangladesh are the only two nations in the world to have more than half of their population at risk due to flooding, at 59% and 58%, respectively. Vietnam (46%), Egypt (41%), and Myanmar (40%) round out the rest of the top five nations.

Besides the Netherlands, only two other European nations are in the top 20 nations by percentage of population at risk, Austria (18th at 29%) and Albania (20th at 28%).

RankCountryFlood risk, by population exposed (%)Total population exposed
#1🇳🇱 Netherlands58.7%10,100,000
#2🇧🇩 Bangladesh57.5%94,424,000
#3🇻🇳 Vietnam46.0%45,504,000
#4🇪🇬 Egypt40.5%38,871,000
#5🇲🇲 Myanmar39.9%19,104,000
#6🇱🇦 Laos39.7%2,985,000
#7🇰🇭 Cambodia38.1%7,431,000
#8🇬🇾 Guyana37.9%276,000
#9🇸🇷 Suriname37.7%233,000
#10🇮🇶 Iraq36.8%16,350,000
#11🇹🇭 Thailand33.9% (Read more...)

Join Us as We Explore The World at 8 Billion


This post is by Niccolo Conte from Visual Capitalist


The world’s population is set to reach 8 billion people this year. As we hit this milestone, many questions about the knock-on effects linger:

  • Do we have enough food and energy resources for growing populations?
  • What transport and living infrastructure is needed in growing regions, and how will further urbanization affect our planet?
  • When could global population growth stop, and what effects would this change in trend have?

These questions only scratch the surface of the changing world at 8 billion people and the effects of these changes.

Introducing The World at 8 Billion report, exclusive to VC+ members.

Our report explores the implications and trends of this milestone in population growth. Using impactful and digestible visuals, we’ll cut through the noise to bring you the insights that matter—all underpinned with the latest, verifiable data.

Don’t miss out.

To gain access to The World at 8 Billion report, all you have to do is become a VC+ member. By clicking and signing up below, we’ll send it straight to you when it’s released later this month.

Sign up for VC+


SPECIAL BONUS EVENT

VC+ Webinar: ‘Exploring the World at 8 Billion’

To give you even more value from the report, we’re putting on a special webinar to unpack the key findings, with Visual Capitalist team members diving into the details of the most important takeaways.

Moderated by our Managing Editor, Nick Routley, the webinar will offer a behind-the-scenes look at all the additional research by the VC team as (Read more...)

Visualizing China’s Dominance in the Solar Panel Supply Chain


This post is by Niccolo Conte from Visual Capitalist


Subscribe to the Elements free mailing list for more like this

visualization of global solar pv panel manufacturing capacity by country/region.

China’s Dominance in the Solar Panel Supply Chain

This was originally posted on Elements. Sign up to the free mailing list to get beautiful visualizations on natural resource megatrends in your email every week.

Many governments are investing in renewable energy sources like solar power, but who controls the manufacturing of solar photovoltaic (PV) panels?

As it turns out, China owns the vast majority of the world’s solar panel supply chain, controlling at least 75% of every single key stage of solar photovoltaic panel manufacturing and processing.

This visualization shows the shares held by different countries and regions of the key stages of solar panel manufacturing, using data from the International Energy Agency (IEA).

Solar Panel Manufacturing, by Country and Stage

From polysilicon production to soldering finished solar cells and modules onto panels, China has the largest share in every stage of solar panel manufacturing.

Even back in 2010, the country made the majority of the world’s solar panels, but over the past 12 years, its average share of the solar panel supply chain has gone from 55% to 84%.

China also continues to lead in terms of investment, making up almost two-thirds of global large-scale solar investment. In the first half of 2022, the country invested $41 billion, a 173% increase from the year before.

Country/RegionSolar Panel DemandAverage Share of Solar Panel Manufacturing Capacity
China36.4%84.0%
Europe16.8%2.9%
North (Read more...)

Ranked: Top 10 Countries by Military Spending


This post is by Niccolo Conte from Visual Capitalist


Visualization of the top countries by military spending in the world

Can I share this graphic?
Yes. Visualizations are free to share and post in their original form across the web—even for publishers. Please link back to this page and attribute Visual Capitalist.
When do I need a license?
Licenses are required for some commercial uses, translations, or layout modifications. You can even whitelabel our visualizations. Explore your options.
Interested in this piece?
Click here to license this visualization.

The Top 10 Countries by Military Spending in 2021

As Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has continued, military spending and technology has come under the spotlight as the world tracked Western arms shipments and watched how HIMAR rocket launchers and other weaponry affected the conflict.

But developing, exporting, and deploying military personnel and weaponry costs nations hundreds of billions every year. In 2021, global military spending reached $2.1 trillion, rising for its seventh year in a row.

Using data from the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), this visualization shows which countries spent the most on their military in 2021, along with their overall share of global military spending.

Which Countries Spend the Most on Military?

The United States was the top nation in terms of military expenditure, spending $801 billion to make up almost 38% of global military spending in 2021. America has been the top military spending nation since SIPRI began tracking in 1949, making up more than 30% of the world’s military spending for the last two decades.

U.S. military spending (Read more...)

What’s New on VC+ in August?


This post is by Niccolo Conte from Visual Capitalist


If you’re a regular visitor to Visual Capitalist, you know that we’re your home base for data-driven, visual storytelling that helps explain a complex world.

But did you know there’s a way to get even more out of Visual Capitalist, all while helping support the work we do?

More Visuals. More Insight. More Understanding.

VC+ is our members program that gives you exclusive access to extra visual content and insightful special features. It also gets you access to The Trendline, our twice a week members-only newsletter that features the very best visualizations and data releases.

Sign Up for VC+
 

So what is getting sent to members in the coming weeks for VC+ in August?

New to VC+ in August 2022


“2022 Prediction Consensus: Mid-Year Update”

SPECIAL DISPATCH: A Mid-Year Check In on the Expert Predictions for 2022

prediction_consensus_supp

We check in on our annual Prediction Consensus to see whether or not expert forecasts for 2022 have been coming to fruition so far.

Along with checking in on past predictions, this VC+ Special Dispatch will also take a look at new forecasts and outlooks experts have put out for how they think the rest of the year will close out.

Coming Wednesday, August 3rd, 2022 (Get VC+ to access)


”Markets this Month: August Edition”

SPECIAL DISPATCH: Everything You Need to Know for This Month in the Markets

markets_this_month_newsletter_supp

This Special Dispatch exclusive to VC+ subscribers provides a high-level summary of the month’s key events and most important market trends. It’s (Read more...)

A Lifetime’s Consumption of Fossil Fuels, Visualized


This post is by Niccolo Conte from Visual Capitalist


Subscribe to the Elements free mailing list for more like this

A Lifetime’s Consumption of Fossil Fuels, Visualized

Visualizing the Fossil Fuels we Consume in a Lifetime

This was originally posted on Elements. Sign up to the free mailing list to get beautiful visualizations on natural resource megatrends in your email every week.

From burning natural gas to heat our homes to the petroleum-based materials found in everyday products like pharmaceuticals and plastics, we all consume fossil fuels in one form or another.

In 2021, the world consumed nearly 490 exajoules of fossil fuels, an unfathomable figure of epic proportions.

To put fossil fuel consumption into perspective on a more individual basis, this graphic visualizes the average person’s fossil fuel use over a lifetime of 80 years using data from the National Mining Association and Worldometer.

How Many Fossil Fuels a Person Consumes Every Year

On a day-to-day basis, our fossil fuel consumption might seem minimal, however, in just a year the average American consumes more than 23 barrels of petroleum products like gasoline, propane, or jet fuel.

The cube of the average individual’s yearly petroleum product consumption reaches around 1.5 meters (4.9 feet) tall. When you consider varying transportation choices and lifestyles, from public transit to private jets, the yearly cube of petroleum product consumption for some people may easily overtake their height.

annual fossil fuel consumption

To calculate the volume needed to visualize the petroleum products and coal cubes (natural gas figures were already in volume format), we used the densities of bulk bituminous coal (833kg/m3 (Read more...)

What’s New on VC+ in July?


This post is by Niccolo Conte from Visual Capitalist


If you’re a regular visitor to Visual Capitalist, you know that we’re your home base for data-driven, visual storytelling that helps explain a complex world.

But did you know there’s a way to get even more out of Visual Capitalist, all while helping support the work we do?

More Visuals. More Insight. More Understanding.

VC+ is our premium subscription that gives you exclusive access to extra visual content and insightful special features. It also gets you access to The Trendline, our twice a week members-only newsletter that features the very best visualizations and data releases.

Sign up for VC+
 

So, what is getting sent to members in the coming weeks for VC+ in July?


“10 Years of Visual Capitalist: Exclusive Chat with Jeff Desjardins”

SPECIAL DISPATCH: Live Webinar and Q&A with Visual Capitalist Founder Jeff Desjardins

Celebrating 10 years of Visual Capitalist

To celebrate a decade of creating data-driven visualizations to help the world digest information more easily, we’re hosting an exclusive webinar for VC+ members that will give insight into Visual Capitalist’s history, current projects, and future plans.

Visual Capitalist Founder and Editor in Chief, Jeff Desjardins will look back and talk about VC’s journey so far, before answering questions submitted by VC+ members live.

Coming Wednesday, July 6th, 2022 (Get VC+ to access)


“Markets this Month: July Edition”

SPECIAL DISPATCH: Everything You Need to Know for this Upcoming Month in the Markets.
Markets this month
This Special Dispatch exclusive to VC+ subscribers provides a high-level summary of the month’s key events and most important market (Read more...)

Who’s Still Buying Fossil Fuels From Russia?


This post is by Niccolo Conte from Visual Capitalist


Subscribe to the Elements free mailing list for more like this

Countries importing fossil fuels from russia since the start of the war

The Largest Importers of Russian Fossil Fuels Since the War

This was originally posted on Elements. Sign up to the free mailing list to get beautiful visualizations on natural resource megatrends in your email every week.

Despite looming sanctions and import bans, Russia exported $97.7 billion worth of fossil fuels in the first 100 days since its invasion of Ukraine, at an average of $977 million per day.

So, which fossil fuels are being exported by Russia, and who is importing these fuels?

The above infographic tracks the biggest importers of Russia’s fossil fuel exports during the first 100 days of the war based on data from the Centre for Research on Energy and Clean Air (CREA).

In Demand: Russia’s Black Gold

The global energy market has seen several cyclical shocks over the last few years.

The gradual decline in upstream oil and gas investment followed by pandemic-induced production cuts led to a drop in supply, while people consumed more energy as economies reopened and winters got colder. Consequently, fossil fuel demand was rising even before Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, which exacerbated the market shock.

Russia is the third-largest producer and second-largest exporter of crude oil. In the 100 days since the invasion, oil was by far Russia’s most valuable fossil fuel export, accounting for $48 billion or roughly half of the total export revenue.

Fossil fuelRevenue from exports (Feb 24 - June 4)% (Read more...)

What’s New on VC+ in June?


This post is by Niccolo Conte from Visual Capitalist


If you’re a regular visitor to Visual Capitalist, you know that we’re your home base for data-driven, visual storytelling that helps explain a complex world.

But did you know there’s a way to get even more out of Visual Capitalist, all while helping support the work we do?

More Visuals. More Insight. More Understanding.

VC+ is our premium subscription that gives you exclusive access to extra visual content and insightful special features. It also gets you access to The Trendline, our twice a week members-only newsletter that features the very best visualizations and data releases.

Sign up for VC+
 

So, what is getting sent to members in the coming weeks for VC+ in June?


“Markets this Month: June Edition”

SPECIAL DISPATCH: Everything You Need to Know for this Upcoming Month in the Markets.
Markets this month
This Special Dispatch exclusive to VC+ subscribers provides a high-level summary of the month’s key events and most important market trends to watch in the coming month. It’s our way of cutting through the noise and sending you the data that matters most.

June’s edition will include:

  • An economic calendar of the biggest data and earnings releases to be aware of
  • A breakdown of gold’s 2022 performance and relationship with rising rates
  • A comparison of the unlikely equities that have held strong during the recent stock slump
  • And a handful of other essential charts you need to see

Coming Wednesday, June 1st, 2022 (Get VC+ to access)


“Ask Us Anything with the Elements Team”

SPECIAL (Read more...)

Mapped: The 10 Largest Gold Mines in the World, by Production


This post is by Niccolo Conte from Visual Capitalist


Subscribe to the Elements free mailing list for more like this

Map of the 10 largest gold mines in the world

The 10 Largest Gold Mines in the World, by Production

This was originally posted on Elements. Sign up to the free mailing list to get beautiful visualizations on natural resource megatrends in your email every week.

Gold mining is a global business, with hundreds of mining companies digging for the precious metal in dozens of countries.

But where exactly are the largest gold mines in the world?

The above infographic uses data compiled from S&P Global Market Intelligence and company reports to map the top 10 gold-producing mines in 2021.

Editor’s Note: The article uses publicly available global production data from the World Gold Council to calculate the production share of each mine. The percentages slightly differ from those calculated by S&P.

The Top Gold Mines in 2021

The 10 largest gold mines are located across nine different countries in North America, Oceania, Africa, and Asia.

Together, they accounted for around 13 million ounces or 12% of global gold production in 2021.

RankMineLocationProduction (ounces)% of global production
#1Nevada Gold Mines?? U.S.3,311,0002.9%
#2Muruntau?? Uzbekistan2,990,0202.6%
#3Grasberg?? Indonesia1,370,0001.2%
#4Olimpiada?? Russia1,184,0681.0%
#5Pueblo Viejo?? Dominican Republic814,0000.7%
#6Kibali?? Democratic Republic of the Congo812,0000.7%
#7Cadia?? Australia764,8950.7%
#8Lihir?? Papua New Guinea737,0820.6%
#9Canadian Malartic?? Canada714,7840.6%
#10Boddington?? Australia696,0000.6%
N/ATotalN/A13,393,84911.7%

Share (Read more...)