This post is by Marcus Lu from Visual Capitalist


See this visualization first on the Voronoi app.

Bar chart visualizing the declining birth rate in Japan.

Visualizing the Declining Birth Rate in Japan

This was originally posted on our Voronoi app. Download the app for free on iOS or Android and discover incredible data-driven charts from a variety of trusted sources. Japan’s birth rate has been declining over the last three decades. While Japan’s population was 123.3 million in 2023, it is expected to decrease by approximately 29.4% to 87.0 million by 2070. In this graphic, we use data from Kyodo News, Statista, and Database.earth to illustrate the number of live births each year in Japan, compared to the number of annual deaths. Figures were rounded.

Population Shrunk by Largest Margin Ever in 2023

Declining births and increasing deaths resulted in Japan’s total population falling by 831,872 people in 2023.
YearBirthsDeaths
20131,029,8171,376,554
20141,003,6091,384,931
20151,005,7211,405,072
2016977,2421,428,060
2017946,1461,463,873
2018918,4001,493,140
2019865,2391,519,227
2020840,8351,511,209
2021811,6221,574,533
2022770,7591,567,933
2023758,6311,574,865
The National Institute of Population and Social Security Research once estimated that births would decline to below 760,000 in 2035. With births in 2023 recorded at 758,631, this forecast was off by over 10 years. Meanwhile, the number of deaths has increased over the last 10 years, surpassing 1.5 million in 2023, equivalent to 1.22% of the population. Many younger Japanese hesitate to marry or start families due to bleak job prospects, corporate cultures unsupportive of working parents—especially women—and (Read more…)