This post is by Bruno Venditti from Visual Capitalist

agricultural workers in the most populated countries

Ranked: Number of Agricultural Workers by Country

Agriculture has long been the backbone of human civilization, providing sustenance and livelihood to billions of people across the globe.

As of 2021, an estimated 27% of the global workforce was employed in agriculture, though the sector represents only 4% of global GDP.

The graphic above uses 2019 employment and population data from the World Bank to rank the distribution of agricultural workers in the world’s most populated countries.

Asia and Africa Have the Most Agricultural Workers

Being the most populous countries, India and China lead the ranking with 272 million and 229 million people employed in agriculture, respectively:

RankCountryAgricultural Workers
% of Total
1🇮🇳 India272M43%
2🇨🇳 China229M25%
3🇪🇹 Ethiopia59M66%
4🇮🇩 Indonesia51M29%
5🇵🇰 Pakistan40M36%
6🇳🇬 Nigeria40M35%
7🇨🇩 DRC36M63%
8🇧🇩 Bangladesh36M39%
9🇹🇿 Tanzania32M65%
10🇻🇳 Vietnam27M38%
11🇰🇪 Kenya19M53%
12🇲🇲 Myanmar16M50%
13🇹🇭 Thailand15M32%
14🇵🇭 Philippines15M23%
15🇧🇷 Brazil11M9%
16🇲🇽 Mexico9M12%
17🇪🇬 Egypt8M20%
18🇹🇷 Türkiye7M18%
19🇮🇷 Iran6M18%
20🇷🇺 Russia5M6%
21🇺🇸 U.S.3M2%
22🇯🇵 Japan3M4%
23🇫🇷 France0.9M3%
24🇩🇪 Germany0.6M1%
25🇬🇧 UK0.4M1%

Though countries in Africa have fewer agricultural workers, they have a far greater share of agriculture in employment. Ethiopia (66%) and Tanzania (65%) had the highest share of agricultural workers amongst the most populated (Read more…)