Titanium: The Metal of the Future

This post is by Govind Bhutada from Visual Capitalist

The following content is sponsored by IperionX
titanium metal

Titanium: The Metal of the Future

Titanium is a popular metal, but are we harnessing its true potential or merely scratching the surface?

Despite having superior properties when compared to stainless steel and aluminum, titanium is produced and used on a relatively small scale. Its current applications are highly specialized, ranging from aircraft turbine engines to medical implants and military vehicles.

This infographic sponsored by IperionX explores titanium’s growth markets and potential for mainstream application in the future.

Titanium Production vs. Stainless Steel and Aluminum

Titanium’s high cost limits its applications and scale of production.

In fact, global titanium metal production is less than 1% of aluminum and steel production.

Metal2021 production (million tonnes)Price range per tonne
Stainless steel56.3Mt$4-5K
Titanium metal0.3Mt$13-16K

Titanium is expensive because it is still processed and refined using the 80-year-old Kroll process. Invented by metallurgist William Kroll in 1940, the Kroll process is complex, energy-intensive, and carbon-intensive.

While titanium produced using the Kroll process is uneconomical for large-scale uses, cost-competitive and sustainably-produced titanium could kickstart a new Titanium Age.

The Growth Markets for Titanium

Titanium has untapped growth potential in many markets, but four industries stand out: 

  1. Aerospace:
    Titanium’s high strength-to-weight ratio and high melting point make it a critical material for aerospace and space exploration. (Read more…)



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